Greenvaurnic is a vaurnic language spoken by the Greenvaurns. It is characterised by 'prime consonants' (like h, w, y, l, and r) and large use of vowels, giving it a soft flow. It has relation to Stonevaurnic.
There are numerous varients of Greenvaurnic that branch from the common language of the Dhornvur. They include Tazlor-greenvaurnic, Redwood-greenvaurnic, Marsh-greenvaurnic, and Waylander-greenvaurnic.
- There is no vaurnic word for ‘the’. Terms are automatically specific, unless words such as ‘all’ are used to show otherwise. For example, ‘the wind is fast’ is simply hwäyth ö siwin; to say that ‘[all] winds are fast’ is hwäyth ïya wö siwin – ‘winds all of speed’. The ‘all’ is not treated as a verb for the subject in this instance, but as a verb to the ‘of’; so it has described what is ‘of speed’. It is the same with ‘all of those leaves are green’; ik venga ïya wö röa. The word ‘wind’ does not have to be in plural form, as it is referring to the essence of wind; not one specific wind. Leaves, however, does; as it is referring to many.
- To say ïya hwäyth ö siwin means ‘the all-wind has speed’; this is referring to the spiritual essence of wind that has speed, and is not necessary the same as saying that all winds have speed, so it is important that the ‘all’ comes before the ‘of’ and not before the subject.
- When saying something ‘is’ something else, it is also grammatically correct to say ö siwin hwäyth; ‘is fast the wind’.
- ‘the speed of the wind’ is siwin hwö hwäyth. This must be in this order, as it is an aspect ‘of the’ subject. Verbs and nouns are not strictly confined, and can be used in place or either. This is why ‘fast’ and ‘speed’ are the same word in this instance.
- The vaurnic word for ‘and’ is e, and is used more frequently. For example - when listing, the e is put in between each word, rather than just the last two. It replaces commas in some other places as well. For example, ‘the wind is fast and strong’ is hwäyth ö siwin e kaang. However, when there are multiple descriptions of a described thing, such as ‘fast and strong wind’, then there is no ‘and’, as this would disrupt the single term - siwin kaang hwäyth. When the previous word ends in a vowel, it morphs into le. So ‘undergrowth and bushes’ is ridde le rütha.
The wind is fast and strong - hwäyth ö siwin e kaang / ö siwin e kaang hwäyth
The speed and strength of the wind – siwin e kaang hwö hwäyth
The wind is fast - hwäyth ö siwin / ö siwin hwäyth
The speed of the wind - siwin hwö hwäyth
All winds are fast - hwäyth ïya wö siwin / ïya wö siwin hwäyth
The all-wind is fast – ïya-hwäyth ö siwin
Fast wind – siwin hwäyth
Strong wind – kaang hwäyth
Fast and strong wind – siwin kaang hwäyth / hwäyth, siwin e kaang
- The vaurns do have plural forms of words, but they are not used quite as frequently – there are often instances where it is not necessary as it is obvious it is plural from the sentence. A good example in when describing the number of things; ‘three leaves’ is just zrü veng. To morph a word into plural form, add an –a at the end of the word. If the word already ends in a vowel, then add –ya. For example, orn and orna; yungga and yunggaya.
- The word for ‘of’, which is usually ö, is used frequently as a grammatical tool in place of words we have, such as ‘from’, ‘are’, ‘were’, ‘as’, ‘because’, ‘for’ and ‘is’. It is used to connect two words to show a relation. Due to its frequency, it is altered for its different uses. It is important to note that while ö normally makes an ‘oe’ sound, when used for the various words for ‘of’ it usually makes a simple ‘o’ sound, despite the spelling. When used after a word that ends in a vowel, the ö becomes wö. When after a pronoun (like as ‘I am’), it becomes lö. When used as ‘because’ or ‘for’, it becomes gö. When used to say ‘from’ or ‘of a part’ of something, then hwö is used. However, when describing where/what a ‘pronoun’ is from (or is a part of) then both lö and hwö are used. ‘I am from the north’ is he lö hwö doth. He lö doth would mean ‘I am north’, and he hwö doth would make no sense.
- When describing, the familiar subject comes first, and the verb or secondary noun afterwards, connected by the ‘of’. For example, ‘the leaf is green’ is veng ö rö. Plural form: ‘the leaves are green’ is venga wö röa. Note how both the subjects are put into plural form (by adding –a at the end of each). Also note how the ö morphs into wö because the previous word now ends in a vowel. This word also turns the secondary nouns into verbs when describing.
- However, when the term is described, then a different structure takes place. The two words are put together, sometimes with a hyphen (but usually not), and the verb precedes the subject, so it is described. (It is now treated as though it were a single word within the sentence.) For example, ‘green leaves’ is simply röa venga, and ‘green leaf’ is rö veng. This is because, when it is a familiar term, the description may be more iconic than the subject now it has become a single term.
- There are no adverbs in vaurnic. Instead, either va (for simile) or ö (for metaphor) is used before the describing word and after the subject. For example, ‘follow quickly’ is inla wö siwin, or wö siwin inla.
- Tense is applied by adding various suffixes to an adjective. Past tense is applied by adding ‘or to the end; future tense is applied by adding ‘ir. If the word already ends in a vowel then they become ‘yor and ‘yir. The apostrophe and the hyphen are the same in vaurnic – they show the joining of two words (but not used in created names), and are only represented differently when in the Latin alphabet. For example, ‘followed’ and ‘will follow’ are inla’yor and inla’yir, respectively. ‘He followed me’ is ro inla’yor he. Tense is not used as frequently in vaurnic – repeating something (such as storytelling) is told in present tense. There is no vaurnic equivalent of the ‘-ing’ suffix – adjectives are already in this present tense.